Some factors that can cause acne include the clogging pores from dead skin cells, the overproduction of oil by sebaceous glands and inflammation caused by bacteria in the pores. In addition, hormonal fluctuations, environmental factors (such as make-up, sweat from exercise, dirt and climate) and diet can also contribute to acne.

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Acne is comprised of many types of lesions including, inflammatory papules (red bumps on the skin surface), pustules (also known as whiteheads), open & closed comedones, cysts (soft lumps just below the skin surface) and nodules (large, hard lumps deeper below the skin surface).

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There are numerous ways to treat acne. There are topical treatments such as retinoids, prescription-strength benzoyl peroxide and antibiotics as well as oral treatments like antibiotics, Accutane and hormone modulators. In addition, certain light treatments, lasers, chemical peels, injections and acne extractions (sometimes referred to as “acne surgery”), are also effective means of treating acne.

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*This webpage is for informational purposes and is not intended to be, and should not be relied upon as, medical advice. Any medical concerns should be addressed with a physician.